Climate prospects are short, and a chaotic future seems more likely

At last year’s global climate summit in Glasgow, countries pledged to step up their efforts to reduce emissions of oil, gas and coal, which are dangerously warming the planet. Developing economies have agreed to increase funding for technologies to transition from fossil fuels to wind, solar and other renewable energy sources.

The UN report analyzed the emission reduction commitments of NDC countries, signatories to the 2015 Paris Agreement, which pledged to update and strengthen their commitments every five years. The 2020 meeting has been postponed for a year due to the corona virus. In the year Recognizing the urgency of the climate crisis in 2021, countries agreed not to wait another five years and instead pledged to make a new pledge ahead of the November 7 climate talks in Egypt.

Taryn Franson, a senior fellow at the World Resources Institute, a research organization, called the current global warming trend “dangerously high.”

China, currently the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases, has been one of the frontrunners for new pledges despite making new pledges ahead of last year’s summit in Scotland. China in 2010 She said carbon dioxide emissions would continue to grow until they peaked in 2030, but she did not set a target to reduce other greenhouse gases such as methane, which is equivalent to the total emissions of smaller countries.

Last year, China said it would stop building coal-fired power plants overseas. According to the Center for Energy and Clean Air Research, 26 of the 104 projects were shut down to avoid adding 85 million tons of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere each year.

The World Resources Institute analysis found that current countries’ expectations are to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by about 7 percent by 2019, despite the 6-fold reduction of 43 percent needed to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

“Among the major economies, we’ve seen a few countries update this year. India formalized its commitments; Australia updated theirs when a new government was formed; Indonesia followed suit. But each country has failed to update their NDCs so far, so they’re making up for lost time.”

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